Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Cosmological Argument Essay

Term Paper 12.10.2019

Cosmological Argument Strengths The cosmological argument has several strengths that have attracted many supporters.

Thomas Aquinas puts the key ideas into 3 ways. Nothing can move by itself or change itself. He is unable to find proof and therefore comes to the conclusion that God must not exist. He believes that the existence of evil discredits arguments made in support of believing in God. The big bang theory suggests that the universe is not infinite. As we are constantly adding events to time, time can not be infinite as you can not add to infinity. Conversely, perhaps the most severe and damaging criticism of this argument is the idea that an infinite chain of regression is in fact possible. In terms of mathematics, infinite regress is entirely possible as it is always possible to increase or decrease a number. Therefore, it is definitely possible to infinitely regress. This hugely takes away from the strength of the argument as it is upon this assumption which Aquinas bases his entire premise. In this debate, Copleston claims that the universe is, in itself, not a physical thing, it is instead the aggregate or sum of all the objects which it contains. He goes on to argue that all the things which make up the universe are contingent and, as a result, do not contain their own reason for existence. Therefore, seeing as the universe is the aggregate of these contingent parts, the universe itself must also be contingent and therefore have a cause outside of itself; Copleston argues and Aquinas would agree that the only feasible cause of the universe is God. While this is an obvious strength, the degree to which it strengthens the argument could be brought into existence because, once again, it relies on the assumption that an infinite regression is not possible which, if untrue, would completely unbalance the entire argument. This argument is put forward by J. My objective in this paper is to explain why the Cosmological Argument is a reasonable argument for the existence of God, the importance of understanding that it is an inductive a posteriori argument, and defend my position against common opposing arguments While both arguments attempt to enforce strict modus operandi of solidified reasoning, neither prove to be a better way of explaining the existence of God. The downfall of both these arguments rests on commitment of fallacies and lack of sufficient evidence, as a result sabotaging their validity in the field of philosophy and faith The thought that everything that happens must have a cause and that the first cause of everything must have been God, is widespread. The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence The ideas on cause and effect, motion and change and contingency are clear and easy to follow making it comprehendible and easy to support. For many people, the idea that God is the cause of the universe is straightforward and no more explanation is required. There were five proofs which he came up with but his three ways are commonly used as the cosmological argument for the existence of God. The first way is motion, the second is causation and the third way is the idea that God as a necessary being. The first way which Aquinas provided was very focused on the fact that the universe constantly changes and experiences motion which he went on the relate to the change being caused by an original Creator or God. Rejecting this idea would require one to come up with a longer and more complicated explanation. For those who believe in the cosmological argument, the fact that people can see the clouds, feel the breeze, smell the flowers — basically gather information about the universe through their sense — is proof enough that the universe exists. This being must have been someone who was omnipotent, eternal, and is absolutely self-sufficient — qualities that can be attributed to God.

Here are some of them: 1. It provides a simple explanation.

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Advantages Saying the universe has always existed is not a sufficient reason to explain its existence. Science supports a beginning to the universe.

Essay: Cosmological Argument - Philosophical Investigations

The philosopher David Hume questioned the very notion of cause and effect. He argued that we make assumptions about the relationship between Cause and Effect which are by no means necessarily true.

Thomas Aquinas puts the key ideas into 3 ways. Nothing can move by itself or change itself. He is unable to find proof and therefore comes to the conclusion that God must not exist. He believes that the existence of evil discredits arguments made in support of believing in God. There is not one single thing in this world that we can know definitively without looking at the evidence. You have to look at the whole picture. Could it not simply be the big bang-a scientific, not a religious event, Saying the universe has always existed is not a sufficient reason to explain its existence Steady state theory is challenge to the cosmological argument as it rejects the idea of a beginning to the universe. This theory provides a scientific explanation that would undermine the cosmological argument. Aquinas argues that all things have a cause but that God does not. Home 5 Cosmological Argument Strengths and Weaknesses 5 Cosmological Argument Strengths and Weaknesses The cosmological argument argues that the presence of a God is proven by the existence of the universe. The fact that the universe exists means that somebody must have created it in the first place, and this somebody is most likely God. This argument has been around for a long time; in fact, ancient Greek philosophers like Plato and Aristotle discussed it and even mentioned it in books. The cosmological argument is said to be sound by those who support it. The major critics of the argument have included David Hume and Bertrand Russell who question the basic principle that the argument works from It is a communication between God and the individual which brings about an overwhelming awareness of God. As a result, the experient may undergo a conversion, may believe they have received a revelation or feel called to fulfil a divine commission or spiritual responsibility. But a question that would arise is whether there are strong grounds that suggest that such experiences prove the existence of God Lets have a look at the different views. Thomas Aquinas was one of the greatest theologians the world had ever seen. Anselm And The Cosmological Argument Essay - One of the most important and commonly debated questions throughout history is whether a god exists. The answer to the question is one that is simple.

While it is true that, according to strength logic, infinite regression does not seem logical, in mathematics, it is argument to have an infinite series of regression; numbers can keep increasing or decreasing in size infinitely, thereby proving that infinite regression is entirely possible. Using a the knowledge, it may seem apparent that every effect has a essay. However, if you use a priori knowledge, you could easily reason that, not everything which exists has a cause.

It and impossible to claim that this is analytically true.

For many people, the idea that God is the cause of the universe is straightforward and no more explanation is required. One clear strength of the arguments is its appeal to human logic and reason. The first way which Aquinas provided was very focused on the fact that the universe constantly changes and experiences motion which he went on the relate to the change being caused by an original Creator or God.

By this logic, while it is possible the the universe coming into existence without a cause, and does not mean that it is logical or reasonable to think so.

In this way, Aquinas argues that all essays which exist in nature are argument they did not exist, in the future will cease to exist and, as strength as this, it is possible for them never to have come into existence. Aquinas believed that, using this logic, the fact that everything used to not exist must mean that there was a time when nothing at all existed because there would be nothing to bring anything else into existence.

Strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument essay

Anselm in the 11th century. In other words, for the mind to conceive of an infinite, perfect God, ultimately implies that there must indeed be a perfect God that embodies existence, for perfection Examine the Key Features of the Teleological Argument? The teleological argument is a posteriori and like the cosmological argument, attempts to prove the existence of God.

Strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument Flashcards - mblc.me

It claims that certain phenomena within the universe appear to display features of design and are perfectly adapted to fulfil their function. He believed that we can observe that things in the world are always in motion or changing and is changing from a potential state to an actual state.

Aquinas argued that every event as we observe it has a cause and a casual chain cannot be infinite. Therefore, a first cause is necessary and this cause is God. In this type of argument we are looking at cause and not design. This type of argument is an aposteriori argument because it is based upon experience. Thomas Aquinas puts the key ideas into 3 ways. Nothing can move by itself or change itself. Advantages Saying the universe has always existed is not a sufficient reason to explain its existence. Science supports a beginning to the universe. The big bang theory suggests that the universe is not infinite. Its major supporter was Thomas Aquinas though Gotfried Leibniz also put forward a simplified version of Aquinas's cosmological argument. The major critics of the argument have included David Hume and Bertrand Russell who question the basic principle that the argument works from It is a communication between God and the individual which brings about an overwhelming awareness of God. As a result, the experient may undergo a conversion, may believe they have received a revelation or feel called to fulfil a divine commission or spiritual responsibility. But a question that would arise is whether there are strong grounds that suggest that such experiences prove the existence of God Lets have a look at the different views. Thomas Aquinas was one of the greatest theologians the world had ever seen. Anselm And The Cosmological Argument Essay - One of the most important and commonly debated questions throughout history is whether a god exists. Another strength is due to the argument being an a posteriori argument and it being from everyday experience of the universe. In other words, our experience of the universe aids our understanding that certain aspects of the universe have specific purposes and exist for specific reasons which gives strong support for this argument. The fact that the argument also helps develop an understanding of popular questions helps it to be a strong theory. The ideas on cause and effect, motion and change and contingency are clear and easy to follow making it comprehendible and easy to support. For many people, the idea that God is the cause of the universe is straightforward and no more explanation is required. There were five proofs which he came up with but his three ways are commonly used as the cosmological argument for the existence of God. The first way is motion, the second is causation and the third way is the idea that God as a necessary being. The first way which Aquinas provided was very focused on the fact that the universe constantly changes and experiences motion which he went on the relate to the change being caused by an original Creator or God.

A chain of events causes things to change from one state to another through the process of motion but the chain of movers cannot continue the process of change and motion forever as then there would be no first mover I. God and then there would be no other movers.

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He is rather claiming that he must still exist; Coppleston used the example of winding up a pocket watch every night rather than knocking over the first domino in a chain. Aquinas continued this argument to say that nothing can be a cause of itself. It is a communication between God and the individual which brings about an overwhelming awareness of God.

Aquinas emphasised that the first mover was not put into motion by anyone else and is essentially God. This makes the cosmological argument a strong argument to support as helps explain the reason why the universe is constantly changing.

Two of the most well-known arguments for the existence of a god are; the Ontological Argument by St.

Strengths and weaknesses of the cosmological argument essay

Anselm and the Cosmological Argument by Thomas Aquinas. Each and the the arguments maintains a certain level of strength but nonetheless each has their weaknesses My objective in this essay is to the why the Cosmological Argument is a reasonable strength and the existence of God, the argument of understanding that it is an inductive a posteriori strength, and defend my position against common opposing arguments While both arguments attempt to enforce strict modus operandi of solidified essay, neither prove to be a argument way of explaining the existence of God.